Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Background GICEL Shopping Mall is just like an advanced supermarket that sells mostly home products such as home appliances and cosmetics. It provides other services like selling ice creams, beverages and most food items used at home. The Mall sells products to customers categorized from children to adults. A Brief study of an Existing System During my decision to present this project topic, I surveyed several shopping malls, studied their daily operations and realized there was a need for a more reliable and cost-effective system. Below are a few things I studied: * GICEL shopping mall is more into selling home products and other items either for eating or wearing. The mall has an automated system that keeps the daily transaction records, employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ detail, product records i.e. prices, stock level etc. all on a spread sheet (EXCEL). * There are about five or six counters where the employees sit to key in price of products bought. After each day and week the employees make a total amount of product bought with the sum of money they collected. * During a transaction, the customer takes a product he/she wants to purchase to one of the attendant who is sitting behind a computer with Microsoft Excel installed on, keys in the product with its corresponding price the customer pays and a receipt is issued to the customer. * All products in stock are recorded, records are taken for daily transactions on the spread sheet and at the end of the week reports are drawn even when they expected an ad-hoc report. * A special employee has to visit each o f the computers in the mall to draw those reports every week. Read more: Essays About Shopping Malls Problem In the case study, there was a problem of bad record keeping. The spread sheet (Excel) platform finds it difficult to combine records since purchases made by the customer are kept separately on individual sheets and on different computers. This makes it difficult to provide ad-hoc reports to managements of the shopping mall. In situations where a single customer is buying different types of products there is a problem of data redundancy. These makes the total amount that a customer needs to pay miscalculated and this has created loss of income and low productivity. Within four (4) months managements has fired about 3 employees due to incorrect account reports made. Managements of the Mall wanted to create accounts for regular customer but are frighten of bad customer records keeping. The special employee who oversees the other employees behind the counter mostly get fatigue by moving from one computer to the other. He has to copy all excel sheet of the records to his computer tally them and make accounts of it. There is also a problem of system security since data abstraction is not invoked in the system to prevent some unauthorized persons (employee) from making changes to some records. They easily lose their data since there is no backup system in place. The Proposed System The proposed system will provide satisfying interfaces to be used basically for keeping records of all employees and regular customers, tracking the daily transactions made, tracking the daily fiscal/monetary issues of the mall and giving GICEL shopping mall the opportunity to get the best out of the system satisfactorily. With the proposed system, services will not change but method of record keepings will change. A special/particular employee (administrator) will use this system to take care of all recordings while other employees provide the actual services. There will be a network between all the computers that will enable the special employee to sit in his office and monitor the other employees. The special employee does not need to move from his desk to draw inferences from the daily and weekly sales. He/she will also provide passwords to the attendants and make sure they are limited to specific forms only. Business Need This project has been identified to better keep record of products, easily update of stock and create accounts for regular customers and provide speedy services, security, reliable and adequate reports at the end of each day. Business Requirements * The system will help cut down the time spent on tracing the MallÃ¢â¬â¢s monetary issues as well as calculations. The system will help keep the records of all purchases made by the management to stock the mall in order to know how much profit the mall is spending. Payments for products sold are also going to be recorded and the system is eventually going to give a supposed picture of how much money the mall is making or losing. The system will take care of the basic accounts of the mall, thus, providing the mall with its cash analysis. * Since there is a network additional counters can be provided to reduce customers queuing to pay for their products thereby satisfying customers which will increase customer population. * The system will help in the preparation and issuing of receipt (after customers have brought product to the counter and charges have been accepted and payments have been made). * The system should be also to keep records of employees, products with their prices, update and preview of stock level and record information on regular customers with their bank details. * The system should have a backup utility. * The system will also provide special features to help GICEL Shopping Mall have an easy access to certain tasks or certain programs found/installed on their operating system, without having to close this system. These will include some various programs that they use frequently such as notepad, calculator, word, etc. * The system will eventually help the mall to operate much faster and more efficiently, thereby improving productivity and customer satisfaction. Project Plan Given thorough supervision, I look forward to completing the development of this system by the end of the academic year. Methodology The methodologies for collecting data for the development of the system include observation, conducting interviews and giving out questionnaires. Special Issues Since this is the first version of such a system, I consider it a prototype which could be built upon in the future. I therefore recommend other students to take up from where we will leave off and improve upon our work. I hope future developments will include; * Smoothly run on web (internet). * Able to use a Barcode reading system. * Ability for customers to use ATM card to pay for products. * Standalone systems at special points in the mall where the customer will search for location of product with its prices to limit customer from asking attendants were to locate products. Conclusion I hope to provide a system suitable to be used by Shopping Malls. The system will be made flexible enough to provide users the ability to use it the way they want it for their desired results.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
An examination of William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ graveÃ in March 2016 suggested that the body is missing its head and that ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s skull may have been removed by trophy hunters some 200 years ago. However, this is just one interpretation of the evidence found in this excavation. What really happened to Shakespeares skull is still up for debate, but we do now have some important evidence concerning the famous playwrights grave. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Grave For four centuries, William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ grave sat undisturbed underneath the chancel floor of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon. But a new investigation conducted in 2016, the 400th anniversary of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s death, has finally revealed what lies beneath. The church has never allowed an excavation of the graveÃ¢â¬âdespite many appeals from researchers over the centuriesÃ¢â¬âbecause they wanted to abide by ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s wishes. His wishes were made crystal clear in the inscription carved into the ledger stone above his grave: Good friend, for Jesus sake forebeare, To digg the dust enclosed heare; Bleste be the man that spares thes stones, And curst be he that moves my bones. But the curse is not the only unusual thing about ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s grave. Two more curious facts have bothered researches for hundreds of years: No name:Ã Of the family members buried side by side, William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s ledger stone is the only one that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t carry a name.Short grave:Ã The stone itself is too short for a grave. At less than a meter in length, WilliamÃ¢â¬â¢s ledger stone is shorter than the others, including that of his wife, Anne Hathaway. What Lies Beneath ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Tombstone? The year 2016 saw the first archaeological investigation of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s grave using GPR scanning to produce images of what lies beneath the ledger stones without the need to disturb the grave itself. The results have disproved some firmly held beliefs about ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s burial. These break down into four areas: Shallow graves: It has long been asserted that the Shakespeare ledger stones covered a family tomb or vault beneath. No such structure exists. Rather there is nothing more than a series of five shallow graves, each aligned with the corresponding ledger stone in the chancel floor of the church.No coffin: Shakespeare was not buried in a coffin. Rather, the family members were buried simply in winding sheets or a similar material.Disruption at the head: ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s mysteriously short ledger stone corresponds to a repair that has been made underneath the stone floor to support it. Experts suggest that this is due to disturbance at the head end of the grave which has caused significantly more subsidenceÃ than elsewhere.Interference:Ã The tests conclusively proved that ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s grave is not in its original state. Stealing Shakespeares Skull The findings correspond to a rather incredulous tale first published in an 1879 edition of the Argosy Magazine. In the story, Frank Chambers agrees to steal ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s skull for a wealthy collector for the sum of 300 guineas. He hires a gang of grave robbers to assist him. The story has always been disregarded because of the (presumed) inaccurate details of the actual digging of the grave in 1794: The men had dug to the depth of three feet, and I now watched narrowly, for, by the clogging of the darker earth, and that peculiar humid stateÃ¢â¬âsmall I can hardly call it... I know we were nearing the level where the body had formerly mouldered.No shovels but the hands, I whispered, and feel for a skull.There was a long pause as the fellows, sinking in the loose mould, slid their horny palms over fragments of bone. Presently, I got him, said Cull; but heÃ¢â¬â¢s fine and heavy.Ã¢â¬ In light of the new GPR evidence, the details above suddenly seemed remarkably accurate. The established theory up until 2016 was that Shakespeare was buried in a tomb in a coffin. So the following specifics in this story have piqued the interest of archaeologists: Details of the shallow three-foot graveDetails of the body buried directly in the earth with no coffinDetails of soil disruption at the head end of the grave Where Is Shakespeares Skull Today? So if there is truth in this story, then where is ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s skull now? A follow-up story suggests that Chambers panicked and attempted to hide the skull in St. Leonards Church in Beoley. As part of the 2016 investigation, the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Beoley skullÃ¢â¬ was examined and Ã¢â¬Å"on the balance of probabilityÃ¢â¬ was thought to be the skull of a 70-year old woman. Somewhere out there, the skull of William Shakespeare, if it has actually disappeared, may still exist. But where? With intensified archaeological interest sparked by the 2016 GPR scans, this has become one of the big historical mysteries and the hunt for ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s skull is now well and truly on.
Monday, December 30, 2019
Elliot Stretched out his arms as he woke up from a restless night of sleep. Poor Elliot was too afraid to sleep, afraid of the mysterious beastie. In the night he could hear a continuous whispering coming from outside the shelter, the whispering turned into nightmares. After rubbing away the sleep from his delicate eyes with his grubby hands he remembered all the bad dreams from the darkness of the night. These brought a tear to his eye as he remembered the comforts of home. Memories were slowly fading as time went on in the jungle. Slowly he made his way out of the shelter and was greeted by another boy shouting Ã¢â¬Å"El! El!Ã¢â¬ Without thinking about helping the bigguns with the fire orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Today Ralph was trying to explain certain matters of which Elliot just did not take in, Jack kept on interrupting and after a while the meeting broke up as Elliot joined the rest of the littluns playing on the beach. On the beach a few of the small boys were building a big sandcastle. They were all very excited as it slowly grew as they all helped eachother. Ã¢â¬Å"This is going to be so big,Ã¢â¬ exclaimed Elliot stretching out his arms. Roger strolled over and trod on the castle as if it was not there. Ã¢â¬Å"Why did you do that,Ã¢â¬ cried Mikey in anger. All the other boys gasped because they were all too scared to talk to Roger. Roger was renown as a bully but he had power from this. As Roger walked off the other boys just sat there and starred at the demolished sand castle. All the pride the boys had in the castle had gone. Elliot blamed all of the other littluns and stomped off. While he was calming down he went and sat down on a nearby rock. He thought for a while but so many thoughts passed through his mind. A little tear ran down his face and sparkled in the light of the sun. This tear was wishing him to be home. At first Elliot was happy for there to be no grown-ups, but now he missed them. 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Sunday, December 22, 2019
Bravery Youre walking down the street, coming home from school, and all of a sudden you hear a shrill voice calling Help! Help! You run toward the voice and when you run about a block up the street you smell smoke. You look up and see a house totally engulfed in flames. You see a woman on the lawn of the burning building crying, Help! Help! My babys inside! Inside the burning building? you ask. The woman nods her head up and down. You tell her not to worry, that youll save her baby. You run inside. Heat surrounds you. Your eyes sting and you can hardly breathe with all of the smoke, but you keep progressing because you know that youve got to save that baby. You make your way up the stairs, flames jumping at youÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At the beginning of the play the murderer, who happens to be the narrator, tells how he went about murdering a man with an evil vulture eye. He insists that he was really only destroying the eye, that he only killed the man to rid himself of the dreaded gaping eyeball that had been haunting him. So, the way that I see it is that the narrator is trying to convince himself that he was brave enough to finally rid himself of the haunting eye that he may have been genuinely afraid of. What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear the word brave? Do you think about a superhero, or maybe a soldier that fights for our country? Bravery is the ability to face danger, fear or pain. Bravery is the quality of a person who displays courage and fearlessness in the face of danger. Such qualities show splendor and magnificence in a person. Fear and terror sometimes hinder the determination someone can show. Overcoming this fear is what portrays bravery. The boldest of individuals is the one who abides by his or her conscience. In Night the main character Ellie Weisel whom is also the author went through a dreadful struggle in a concentration camp. Through all the hardships, he obeyed his conscience and never abandoned his dad and he also managed to maintain his faith. In To Kill a Mocking bird by Harper Lee a different type of bravery is shown, Scout and Jem have to face a town that thinks theirShow MoreRelatedPersonal Narrative : Bravery Saved My Mom1057 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand in that moment you have to be brave it is very important. Bravery can ultimately change your life. Better things can come from bravery. I had an experience where being brave was my only choice. I believe if I had experienced more occasions earlier on in life were I had to be brave I would have handled the situation better, but if I had not stepped in at that moment my life could have indeed took a turn for the worst. In turn bravery saved my mom. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve grown up in a divided family, spending weekendsRead MoreBravery - Bravery And Courage992 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBravery Personified Master Sargent Charles Burlington, III, wakes up from his mid-day nap to find his twin sister taking her own nap in the chair next to him. He will probably never admit it, but he takes great comfort in her presence. He suffered a tramatic brain injury with hearing loss in addition to the loss of his left leg by a roadside bomb in Kabul, Afghanistan that took the lives of two members of his team and maimed two others. His survival was uncertain when he was flown to a militaryRead MoreTrue Grit And Ray From Charles Portis s The Dog Of The South Show Devotion1369 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthey can most likely achieve their all time life goals. Mattie Ross from Charles Portis s True Grit and Ray from Charles Portis s The dog of the south show devotion throughout their novels: obsession showing devotion, revenge showing devotion, and bravery leading to devotion. 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OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ courage in the cave of the Cyclops Polyphemus banishes his crewÃ¢â¬â¢s trepidation and eventually gets them out of there. When Polyphemus returns to the cave after capturing them, Odysseus takes the risk to get the CyclopsÃ¢â¬â¢ attention so he can manipulate the one-eyed giant into drinking the potent wine. OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ bravery is catching and he inspires those with him. Once Polyphemus has passedRead More Essay on Bravery in The Tempest823 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Theme of Bravery in The Tempest Ã Ã Ã Bravery performs a very important role in The Tempest.Ã Different than a motif, the theme of bravery actually takes form in Shakespeares play and develops the play itself.Ã However, like a motif, bravery is used intermittently throughout the play in different form and context.Ã It captures different meanings and performs different capacities erratically.Ã A denotative definition from the 15th century, according to the Merriam-Webster CollegiateRead MoreBravery : A Brave Hobbit723 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBravery is a trait that people desire. It reveals the true heroes, and since not all people can be a true hero, bravery is not found in all. While some people might not show it, there are people who have shown it in incredible amounts, both in the fictional world and in the non-fictional world. Ã¢â¬Å"A sword wields no strength unless the hand that holds it has courageÃ¢â¬ is a memorable quote from a critically acclaimed video game (The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess). That miniscule quote presents oneRead MoreThe Virtue of Bravery Essays915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Virtue of Bravery In this essay I will be describing the virtue of bravery. I will first define what Aristotle thinks virtue is, explain the virtue of bravery, and then finally reflect this virtue on my personal experience in the Shaw neighborhood. Aristotle breaks down virtue into four aspects which are: a state that decides in mean, consisting in a mean, the mean relative to us, which is defined by reference to reason(1107a). He also states that there are two kinds of virtue:Read MoreThe Forms of True Bravery800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Forms of True Bravery Nelson Mandela once said Ã¢â¬Å"I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.Ã¢â¬ And fear is just a state of mind, a strong and thick barrier that prevents us from success and achieving our dreams or what we believe is right to us, but it is weak and thin when standing against courage, and once it is defeated, those barriers dissipate. But the main question is how canRead Morebravery in the face of danger500 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pages A hero is someone who shows bravery in the face of danger. Odysseus, from HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The OdysseyÃ¢â¬ is one of those epic heroes. Odysseus shows all the qualities of a Hero. He is swift, cunning, and intelligent. But the trait that Odysseus expresses the most is his bravery. During his journey, Odysseus faces many dangerous events. In these events, Odysseus must be brave not only for his men but also to overcome the situatio n and stay alive. One of these dangerous situations involves coming face
Friday, December 13, 2019
The break-even point is a business terminology which refers to the level of output or activity wherein a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s total revenue exactly equals its total cost. At this point, the business entity covers all its expenses but earns no profit. The operating income is therefore zero. We will write a custom essay sample on Break even revised or any similar topic only for you Order Now The break-even point is exactly where a business entity crosses the line between being a losing operation to being a profitable venture. A business entityÃ¢â¬â¢s total operating cost is the sum of its fixed and variable costs. Fixed costs refer to expenses that are not a function of output and thus, do not vary with the production level. Fixed costs include such items as administrative salaries, property taxes, and insurance premiums. Other things constant, the break-even point varies in proportion to the fixed cost; an increase in the fixed cost translates to a corresponding rise in the break-even point. A fixed cost increase leads to a higher break-even level of output, depending on the degree of increase. In reality, it corresponds to the fact that a higher fixed cost would entail the need to produce more output in order to cover the total expense. Variable costs, on the other hand, are costs that change in direct proportion to the output level; each planned percentage increase in output will yield an equal increase in the variable cost. Variable costs include such items as raw materials and direct labor costs. An increase in the variable cost actually generates an equal increase in the total cost at each level of output, thereby raising the output level at which the firm will Ã¢â¬Å"break evenÃ¢â¬ . In this sense, a variable cost increase leads to a higher break-even level of output. On the revenue side, bigger sales receipts mean either higher sales prices or greater sales volumes. A higher unit sales price is tantamount to a higher per-unit profit and in this sense, a lower break-even level of output. The higher profits generated by a unit sales price increase lessen the output level necessary for the firm to break even or cover its operating expense, thereby effectively lowering the break-even point. Unlike fixed and variable costs, the break-even point varies in inverse proportion to the unit sales price. Amidst all the modern business calculation tools, the break-even point concept will remain a useful business reference for generations to come. How to cite Break even revised, Papers
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Professional Development And Increase Professional Growth Essay As educators, we never stop learning new approaches on how to teach our students and lead them to success. This weekÃ¢â¬â¢s learning resources emphasized the need for collaborative forms of professional development and increase professional growth. The insights that I gained with the Learning Resources this week were very helpful for my professional growth. For instance, I learned about the many roles that a teacher leader must execute in the school and the benefits of collaboration among teachers. According to Knight (2008), each role requires a specific set of knowledge and skills with a distinctive set of challenges that meet a specific teacher need. By acquiring information about the different roles and challenges that a teacher leader faces in the classroom, I am able to reflect as an educator and discover the specific role that I can implement with new teachers as well as the roles that I need to work more to become proficient. I understand that as educators, it is our responsibility to share our effective practices with new teachers so they can become better teachers. As a mentor, the coachÃ¢â¬â¢s primary responsibility is acclimatizing the new teacher to the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s profession norms, practices, and policies (Knight, 2008). The professional strength that I can offer other educators is that I am an educator that enjoys helping others adjust to the expectations and routines of the school. I am an individual that encountered many problems as a novice teacher and nobody helped me with school procedures or teacher expectations. I still remember when I started teaching, I did not have a mentor nor a curriculum for the cl ass; therefore, I did face many challenges with my students and I learned the hard way. I want to help these teachers wi. .Mentor teachers share their expertise with new teachers rather than the teachers having to wait years to figure all out on their own. As a teacher leader, we also share data results with other colleagues to find the strengths and weaknesses of the students. Teacher leaders share results and discuss strategies they used to help teacher increase their learning (Beers, 2006). After data is collected and analyzed, we reflect and adjust the instructional methods to meet the need of the students. In addition, we also share our thoughts, learning objectives and learning experiences to best serve our students. Working collaboratively with my colleagues is beneficial because we get to have the experience of giving and receiving positive feedback. With this feedback, we reflect, adjust, and discuss ways in how we can improve our teaching practices to serve our students better.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Nozick According to Nozick there are three sets of rules of justice, defining: 1. how things not previously possessed by anyone may be acquired; 2. how possession may be transferred from one person to another; and 3. what must be done to rectify injustices arising from violations of (1) and (2). A distribution is just if it has arisen in accordance with these three sets of rules. See pp. 151-2. Nozick does not try to specify in detail the rules under the above three headings ('I shall not attempt that task here', p. 153). However, he does give some further information on rules of acquisition; see p. 174ff. He follows John Locke who as Nozick interprets him held that a person has a right (1) to own what he makes, and (2) to appropriate anything not already owned, provided he leaves 'enough and as good' for others - i.e. provided his appropriation leaves them no worse off. (Nozick calls this the 'Lockean proviso'.) It is not clear how Nozick would defend (1) against his own criticisms of Locke (p. 174-5). As for (2), he points out that the proviso cannot reasonably be taken to mean that there can be no worsening of others' opportunities to appropriate; it must mean that in other respects they are no worse off. Nozick raises the question 'No worse than they would be how?' What is the baseline? In Rawls's theory the representative worst-off person must be no worse off than he would be under any other possible arrangement. Nozick rejects this, but does not define another baseline: 'This question of fixing a baseline needs more detailed investigation that we are able to give it here'; p. 177. However, 'whether or not Locke's particular theory of appropriation can be spelled out so as to handle various difficulties, I assume that any adequate theory of Justice in acquisition will contain a proviso similar to the weaker of the ones we have attributed to Locke'; p. 178. Nozick says that the proviso is violated if a person appropriates all of something necessary to life - or purchases it, or combines with the other owners of it, or finds himself the sole owner when other supplies are lost (e.g. when all the other water holes dry up). Nozick refers to the possibility of losing entitlement to something that was originally yours because of developments since, such as the drying up of other waterholes, as the 'historical shadow' of the Lockean proviso; p. 180. Comparison with Rawls's Theory Nozick classifies theories of justice as (1) either end-result or historical, and (2) either patterned or unpatterned. The entitlement theory is historical and unpatterned. It does not demand that the distribution resulting from just acquisitions, transfers and rectifications be patterned, i.e. correlated with anything else (such as moral merit, need, usefulness to society); people may be entitled to things got by chance or gift. Any distribution, irrespective of any pattern it may or may not have, is just provided it has the appropriate history, provided it did in fact come about in accordance with the rules of acquisition, transfer and rectification. Rawls's theory on the other hand, is an end-result theory. Choice of principles behind a 'veil of ignorance', must be based on calculations about what people are likely to end up with under the various possible sets of principles - there is no other way of choosing (is there?); p. 202. Therefore if any historical entitlement theory is correct, Rawls's approach is wrong. Notice that this imposes on Rawls in the job of showing that no possible version of an historical entitlement theory could be correct. He might reply that he intends to stick to his own theory until someone actually produces a correct entitlement theory; Nozick has not, because his theory is merely a sketch with many important details not worked out. Nozick points out (p. 207 ff) an analogy between his own entitlement theory and the process by which in Rawls's theory the rules of justice are arrived at. Rawls specifies an initial situation and a process of deliberation, and say that whatever rules results from this are the rules of justice; similarly Nozick specifies a process, and says that whatever distribution results is just. 'Each theory specifies starting points and processes of transformation, and each accepts whatever comes out'. But Rawls's process for generating principles cannot generate process principles, but only end-result principles. Nozick says that this is ironic. It presents a dilemma: if processes are 'so great', it is a defect that the process cannot lead to process principles of justice; if processes are